Personal Care and Support Services
Non-medical services, which are often referred to as personal care services (PCS) or personal care and support services (PCSS), are available to help elderly or disabled people in performing the activities of daily living. Personal care services are ideal for seniors who need assistance with transportation to appointments or help with grocery shopping, light housekeeping, and meal preparation. Assistance with bathing, toileting, dressing and grooming, as well as companionship, are additional non-medical services often available through a home care agency that offers PCS or PCSS.
Home Health: Nursing Services and At-Home Therapies
There are a variety of medical home care services available for people who are recovering from a surgery or illness but don't necessarily need an extended stay in the hospital. These services are referred to as home healthcare.
Home Health Nursing Services
Offered through a licensed home healthcare agency, skilled nursing services are provided by Registered Nurses (RNs), Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) or Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVNs) in the comfort of your own home.
Nursing services that may be performed in your home include:
- Health assessments including blood pressure, glucose, postoperative recovery and other vital signs
- Disease and treatment education
- Wound care
- Dressing changes
- Ostomy/colostomy teaching and management
- IV management
- Medication reconciliation and doctor or pharmacist reporting
- Medication administration
- Heparin flushes
- Foot care
- Management of urinary catheters
- Management of tubes, drains and bags
In addition to home nursing services, some home care agencies also offer therapy services. Therapy plays an important role in helping an individual regain independence, function and range of motion following an illness, surgery or injury. A licensed physical therapist (PT), occupational therapist (OT) and speech language pathologist (SLP) are often a critical part of a home healthcare team.
- Physical Therapy – Home health physical therapists often work with people who have experienced a loss of balance, are recovering from a fall, have difficulty walking, are suffering from back or joint pain or are recovering from joint replacement surgery, heart attack or stroke.
- Occupational Therapy – Home health occupational therapists focus on a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks. An occupational therapist helps individuals regain their strength, balance and coordination in order to perform daily activities which they have lost the inability to perform due to an illness or injury.
- Speech and Language Therapy – Home health speech language pathologists work with individuals who are having trouble breathing, speaking or swallowing. They typically work with patients who have experienced a heart attack or stroke.