Current dieting advice insists that eating whole wheat bread is better for you than white bread. Whole wheat typically has more fiber, which can aid digestion and maintain regularity. In addition, it can prevent blood sugar spikes that come from simple carbohydrates, which can be dangerous for individuals suffering from diabetes. Compared to white bread, whole wheat bread also offers more nutrients, since the wheat has not been stripped completely.
One study from the Weizmann Institute asks: Do our bodies react differently to the type of bread we eat?
Whole wheat vs. white bread: Which is better?
Researchers followed 20 participants for one month. Half of the group ate white bread, which accounted for 25 percent of their daily calories. The second group ate whole wheat sourdough for the same amount of time. Scientists monitored their fat and cholesterol levels along with the morning glucose levels and watching for tissue inflammation. After gathering the initial set of data, scientists reassigned 'whole wheat' participants to eat white bread and 'white bread' participants to consume whole wheat.
"The initial finding, and this was very much contrary to our expectation, was that there were no clinically significant differences between the effects of these two types of bread on any of the parameters that we measured," says Eran Segal, a senior author on the study. "We looked at a number of markers, and there was no measurable difference in the effect that this type of dietary intervention had."
However, upon examining the results of each individual, researchers discovered that about half of the total sample pool responded better to the white bread, while half had a better response to the whole wheat. Researchers must continue studying this phenomenon before drawing further conclusions.
The role of the glycemic index for individuals with diabetes
According to the Mayo Clinic, the glycemic index of a food indicates how much it will raise an individual's blood sugar. Individuals coping with diabetes must pay careful attention to their blood sugar, as the body can't produce insulin to counteract it. Incorporating foods with a lower glycemic index can prevent blood sugar spikes. Home caregivers may be to help patients maintain their blood sugar levels. To learn more, reach out to Interim today.